# Chef and Demonetisation Codechef Solution

Chef and Demonetisation Codechef Solution: In a country called Chef Land, there was a lot of monetary fraud, so Chefu, the head of the country, decided to choose new denominations of the local currency ― all even-valued coins up to an integer NN should exist. After a few days, a citizen complained that there was no way to create an odd value, so Chefu decided that he should also introduce coins with value 1. Formally, you are given an integer NN; for v=1 and each even positive integer v≤N, coins with value v exist.

You are also given an integer S. To handle transactions quickly, find the minimum number of coins needed to pay a price SS.

### Input

• The first line of the input contains a single integer T denoting the number of test cases. The description of T test cases follows.
• The first and only line of each test case contains two space-separated integers S and N.

### Output

For each test case, print a single line containing one integer ― the minimum number of coins.

### Constraints

• 1≤T≤10,0001≤T≤10,000
• 1≤S≤1091≤S≤109
• 2≤N≤1092≤N≤109
• NN is even

Subtask #1 (100 points): original constraints

```4
2 2
1 14
30 10
31 4
```

```1
1
3
9
```

### Explanation

Example case 1: One coin with value 2 is sufficient.

Example case 2: We need to use one coin with value 1.

Example case 3: We need 3 coins, each with value 10.

Example case 4: We can use seven coins with value 4, one coin with value 2 and one coin with value 1.

### Chef and Demonetisation CodeChef Solution in JAVA

```import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;
import java.io.*;
/* Name of the class has to be "Main" only if the class is public. */
class Codechef
{
public static void main (String[] args) throws java.lang.Exception
{
Scanner sc=new Scanner(System.in);
int t=sc.nextInt();
while(t-->0){
int s=sc.nextInt();
int n=sc.nextInt();
int count=0;
if(s%2==1){
s--;
count++;
}
if(s%n==0){
System.out.println(count+(s/n));
}
else {
System.out.println(count+(s/n)+1);
}
}
}
}
```

### Chef and Demonetisation CodeChef Solution in CPP

```#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define ll long long int
#define MAXSIZE 101
#define endl "\n"
int main()
{
ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);
cin.tie(NULL);
int t;
cin >> t;
while(t--)
{
ll S, N;
cin >> S >> N;
ll countOfCoins = 0 ;
if(S < N)
{
if(S%2==0)
cout << 1 << endl;
else if(S==1)
cout << 1 << endl;
else
cout << 2 << endl;
}
else
{
ll countOfCoins = 0 ;
if(S%2==1)
{
countOfCoins++;
S--;
}
countOfCoins = countOfCoins + (S / N) ;
if(S%N!=0)
countOfCoins+=1;
cout << countOfCoins << endl;
}
}
}```

### Chef and Demonetisation CodeChef Solution in Python

```t=int(input())
for i in range(0,t):
count=0
s,n=map(int,input().split())
while s>0:
count=count+(s//n)
s=s%n
if s>=2:
if s%2==0:
n=s
else:
n=s-1
else:
n=1
print(count) ```

Disclaimer: The above Problem (Chef and Demonetisation) is generated by CodeChef but the solution is provided by Chase2learn.This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning purpose. Thankyou.

Sharing Is Caring