# Weather Observation Station 5 in SQL Hacker Rank Solution

Hello coders, In this post, you will learn how to solve the Weather Observation Station 5 in SQL Hacker Rank Solution. This problem is a part of the SQL Hacker Rank series.

### Problem

Query the two cities in STATION with the shortest and longest CITY names, as well as their respective lengths (i.e.: number of characters in the name). If there is more than one smallest or largest city, choose the one that comes first when ordered alphabetically.
The STATION table is described as follows:

where LAT_N is the northern latitude and LONG_W is the western longitude.

Sample Input

For example, CITY has four entries: DEF, ABC, PQRS and WXY.

Sample Output

``````ABC 3
PQRS 4``````

Explanation

When ordered alphabetically, the CITY names are listed as ABC, DEF, PQRS, and WXY, with lengths 3,3,4 and 3. The longest name is PQRS, but there are  options for shortest named city. Choose ABC, because it comes first alphabetically.

Note
You can write two separate queries to get the desired output. It need not be a single query.

### Weather Observation Station 5 in SQL Hacker Rank Solution

```SELECT CITY, LENGTH(CITY) FROM STATION ORDER BY LENGTH(CITY), CITY LIMIT 1;
SELECT CITY, LENGTH(CITY) FROM STATION ORDER BY LENGTH(CITY) DESC, CITY LIMIT 1;
```

Disclaimer: The above Problem (Weather Observation Station 5 query in SQL) generated by Hackerrank but the Solution is Provided by Chase2Learn. This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning purposes

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